The magic of the Orient
Oriental and Indian perfume
In Oriental countries, the use of perfume, also called Attar, is widespread in both men and women. The Silk Road was a popular trading route for perfumes and perfume oils to Arabia.
Alcohol-free perfume oil
Since Islam regards alcohol as impure, most of the sprays, deodorants, etc. offered in Europe and other Western countries are - according to some scholars - not allowed for a Muslim. Other interpretations, however, allow the use of perfumes with alcohol as long as the alcohol meets certain criteria. In Arab and Asian countries, a wide variety of perfume oils, perfume creams and fragrance stones are produced that contain no alcohol. Perfume without alcohol is particularly suitable for the summer, as it does not irritate the skin so much.
The scent of Arabian perfume
The fragrance range of oriental perfume oils is broad, from slightly refreshing to slightly sweetish. There is something for every taste. The quality of the oils is of course reflected in the price. Real essential oils are very expensive even in pure extraction.
Perfume essences and thinning
Most perfumes contain alcohol in the form of "basic water". This causes the actual scent is greatly diluted. The more alcohol is added to the essence, the less intense and lingering the scent is. Amongst others, there are the following classifications: 100% Essence, 15-30% Extrait de Parfum, 10-14% Eau de Parfum, 6-9% Eau de Toilette, 3-5% Eau de Cologne, 1-3% Eau de Fraiche
The European perfume industry has its origins in French Grasse. Until the 19th century, France and Spain were the focus of this industry, because the necessary raw materials grew there. The center of industry today is still in Grasse. However, with the advent of organic chemistry, fragrances have become more and more synthetic. As a result, Germany in particular has gained strong shares. The best known today's representatives are Chanel and Yves Saint Laurent. Although the global focus is still on France, international competition is also increasing. In 1989, Procter and Gamble entered the perfume and cosmetics industry. In England, Reckitt Benckiser and in Germany Henkel in particular, but also Faber-Castell and Schwan-Stabilo in cosmetic pencils, active. The aromas as raw materials are usually sourced as natural, nature-identical or synthetic products from the chemical industry. There are several companies specializing in fragrances and flavorings, of which the most well-known German M-Dax-listed company is Symrise from Holzminden. Every year, the perfume industry launches around 100 to 200 new fragrances. But almost all disappear after a few months. Currently available are about 1100 different fragrances.
Scented Twins - Dupes
The biggest cost factor in the perfume business is product design and advertising. In addition, you pay with known manufacturers an extra charge for the brand name. Highly concentrated perfume oils therefore offer the alternative. These are not counterfeits or faux, but independent scents that interpret the Western perfume taste.
Essential and natural oils
Essential oils are formed in oil glands of plants and stored in plant tissue. They are found in flowers, leaves, seeds, fruit peel, roots, resins, barks or in the wood. Some plants provide essential oils from different parts of plants, which differ greatly in their chemical composition, eg. B. cinnamon bark and cinnamon leaf oil. From the plant parts, essential oils are obtained by steam distillation. After condensation, the substances are separated from the aqueous phase and can be separated. The yield in relation to the starting material is usually in the one to two-digit per thousand range.
Synthetic perfume oils
As early as the 19th century, researchers began to replicate natural fragrances with synthetic substances. Meanwhile, synthetic fragrance oils have become part of our everyday lives, and the perfume oils produced in the laboratory today replace natural oils in many perfumes. The main reason for this is certainly the cost. For example, five tons of rose petals are needed to make one kilogram of pure rose oil. Of course, the price for the rose oil is correspondingly high in the end. But also the durability is a reason to exchange the natural fragrances for synthetic ones. Especially fragrances that are derived from fruits, such as the citrus fragrance, are easily volatile. On the other hand, synthetic fragrance oils have the advantage that they are much more durable and can also be produced more cheaply. In addition, these perfume oils offer an advantage for allergy sufferers. Because the synthetic fragrances smell like the natural image, but do not contain the allergens that can be contained in the natural perfume oils. Although the synthetic fragrance oils certainly offer many advantages for manufacturers and consumers, there are also various disadvantages. More and more people with skin irritations and allergies are now reacting to the synthetic perfume oils. In addition, the synthetic fragrances are slow to degrade in the environment and accumulate more and more in the air.